Gliese 317 - Upper mass limit to b, confirmation of c

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Gliese 317 - Upper mass limit to b, confirmation of c

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 13th November 2011, 9:10 pm

Astrometry and radial velocities of the planet host M dwarf GJ 317: new trigonometric distance, metallicity and upper limit to the mass of GJ 317b
http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.2623

We have obtained precision astrometry of the planet hosting M dwarf GJ 317 in the framework of the Carnegie Astrometric Planet Search project. The new astrometric measurements give a distance determination of 15.3 pc, 65% further than previous estimates. The resulting absolute magnitudes suggest it is metal rich and more massive than previously assumed. This result strengthens the correlation between high metallicity and the presence of gas giants around low mass stars. At 15.3 pc, the minimal astrometric amplitude for planet candidate GJ 317b is 0.3 milliarcseconds (edge-on orbit), just below our astrometric sensitivity. However, given the relatively large number of observations and good astrometric precision, a Bayesian Monte Carlo Markov Chain analysis indicates that the mass of planet b has to be smaller than twice the minimum mass with a 99% confidence level, with a most likely value of 2.5 Mjup. Additional RV measurements obtained with Keck by the Lick-Carnegie Planet search program confirm the presence of an additional very long period planet candidate, with a period of 20 years or more. Even though such an object will imprint a large astrometric wobble on the star, its curvature is yet not evident in the astrometry. Given high metallicity, and the trend indicating that multiple systems are rich in low mass companions, this system is likely to host additional low mass planets in its habitable zone that can be readily detected with state-of-the-art optical and near infrared RV measurements.

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Re: Gliese 317 - Upper mass limit to b, confirmation of c

Post by Edasich on 14th November 2011, 4:07 am

This is when I lov astrometry: when it does not disprove planets! Laughing

Seriously, good thing to see confirmation of additional planet and with longer orbital period too. Smile
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Re: Gliese 317 - Upper mass limit to b, confirmation of c

Post by Lazarus on 14th November 2011, 3:09 pm

That outer companion makes it look like a tempting target for both astrometry and direct imaging. Hopefully there are also some inner low-mass planets there too.
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Re: Gliese 317 - Upper mass limit to b, confirmation of c

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