New candidate stellar companions to exoplanet hosts

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New candidate stellar companions to exoplanet hosts

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 20th September 2011, 8:21 pm

Know the Star, Know the Planet. I. Adaptive Optics of Exoplanet Host Stars
http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.4320

The results of an adaptive optics survey of exoplanet host stars for stellar companions is presented. We used the AEOS Telescope and its adaptive optics system to collect deep images of the stars in $I$-band. Sixty-two exoplanet host stars were observed and fifteen multiple star systems were resolved. Of these eight are known multiples, while seven are new candidate binaries. For all binaries, we measured the relative astrometry of the pair and the differential magnitude in $I$-band. We improved the orbits of HD 19994 and $\tau$ Boo. These observations will provide improved statistics on the duplicity of exoplanet hosts stars and provide an increased understanding of the dynamics of known binary star exoplanet hosts.

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Re: New candidate stellar companions to exoplanet hosts

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 21st September 2011, 8:13 pm

Know the Star, Know the Planet. II. Speckle Interferometry of Exoplanet Host Stars
http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.4569

A study of the host stars to exoplanets is important to understanding their environment. To that end, we report new speckle observations of a sample of exoplanet host primaries. The bright exoplanet host HD 8673 (= HIP 6702) is revealed to have a companion, although at this time we cannot definitively establish the companion as physical or optical. The observing lists for planet searches and for these observations have for the most part been pre-screened for known duplicity, so the detected binary fraction is lower than what would otherwise be expected. Therefore, a large number of double stars were observed contemporaneously for verification and quality control purposes, to ensure the lack of detection of companions for exoplanet hosts was valid. In these additional observations, ten pairs are resolved for the first time and sixty pairs are confirmed. These observations were obtained with the USNO speckle camera on the NOAO 4m telescopes at both KPNO and CTIO from 2001 to 2010.

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