Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

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BD+20 1790 b - A planet found serendipitously (so they say)

Post by Edasich on 4th August 2009, 12:06 pm

Though between uncertain planetary candidates

http://exoplanet.eu/star.php?st=BD%2B20+1790

But dear Jean Schneider an age of 57 Gyrs is quite much for a young and active star! Razz
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 4th August 2009, 6:12 pm

From the abstract of the discovery paper, it seems that the serendipitous nature of the discovery comes from the fact that they've been observing the star over a few years. They state that BD+20 1790 is a highly active, young star
Previous results show ahigh level of stellar activity, with the presence of prominence-likestructures, spots on surface and strong flare events.
Haven't read the paper of course, but it seems that after monitoring it for so long, they were able to disentangle a planet-induced curve to the (no doubt) noisy RV data.

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Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Borislav on 16th December 2009, 12:22 am

http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.2773
BD+20 1790 is a young active, metal-rich, late-type K5Ve star. We have undertaken a study of stellar activity and kinematics for this star over the past few years. Previous results show a high level of stellar activity, with the presence of prominence-like structures, spots on the surface and strong flare events, despite the moderate rotational velocity of the star. In addition, radial velocity variations with a semi-amplitude of up to 1 km/s were detected. We investigated the nature of these radial velocity variations, in order to determine whether they are due to stellar activity or the reflex motion of the star induced by a companion. We have analysed high-resolution echelle spectra and also two-band photometry was obtained to produce the light curve and determine the photometric period. Based upon the analysis of the bisector velocity span, as well as spectroscopic indices of chromospheric indicators and taking into account the photometric analysis, we report that the best explanation for the RV variation is the presence of a sub-stellar companion. The Keplerian fit of the RV data yields a solution for a close-in massive planet with an orbital period of 7.78 days. The presence of the close-in massive planet could also be an interpretation for the high level of stellar activity detected. Since the RV data are not part of a planet search program, we can consider our results as a serendipitous evidence of a planetary companion. To date, this is the youngest main sequence star for which a planetary candidate has been reported.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Edasich on 16th December 2009, 5:36 am

Update was needed for Wikipedia's page:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BD%2B20%C2%B0_1790

Created by me *giggles*
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Lazarus on 16th December 2009, 3:02 pm

Let's hope this one doesn't go the way of TW Hydrae b...
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Edasich on 17th December 2009, 7:35 am

Officially listed between confirmed candidates:

http://exoplanet.eu/star.php?st=BD%2B20+1790
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 18th December 2009, 2:12 am

Lazarus wrote:Let's hope this one doesn't go the way of TW Hydrae b...
They claim the RV signal has held up over 5 years of observations. So this one is more promising.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 18th February 2010, 10:04 pm


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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by lodp on 21st March 2010, 9:48 pm

Maybe Not .....

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/1003/1003.3678v1.pdf

Context. The young active star BD+20 1790 is believed to host a substellar companion, revealed by radial-velocity measurements
that detected the reflex motion induced on the parent star.
Aims. A complete characterisation of the radial-velocity signal is necessary in order to assess its nature.
Methods.We used CORALIE spectrograph to obtain precise (10m/s) velocity measurements on this active star, while characterizing
the bisector span variations. Particular attention was given to correctly sample both the proposed planetary orbital period, of 7.8 days,
and the stellar rotation period, of 2.4 days.
Results. A smaller radial-velocity signal (with peak-to-peak variations <500m/s) than had been reported previously was detected,
with di erent amplitude on two di erent campaigns. A periodicity similar to the rotational period is found on the data, as well as
a clear correlation between radial-velocities and bisector span. This evidence points towards a stellar origin of the radial-velocity
variations of the star instead of a baricentric movement of the star, and repudiates the reported detection of a hot-Jupiter.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Edasich on 22nd March 2010, 12:46 pm

Schneider removed from confirmed planets. Sad
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Lazarus on 22nd March 2010, 1:08 pm

More Nostradamus points for me Smile
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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 22nd March 2010, 2:24 pm

Lazarus wrote:More Nostradamus points for me Smile
Hahaha Laughing

I'm surprised a RV variability intrinsic to the star was able to hold up for five years of observations, mimicking a planetary signal.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 18th February 2015, 10:42 pm

An argument in favour of a planetary interpretation.

Analysis of combined radial velocities and activity of BD+20 1790: evidence supporting the existence of a planetary companion
http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.05223

This paper presents the simultaneous Bayesian analysis of the radial velocity and activity indices for the K5Ve active star BD+20 1790, that was proposed to host a close-in massive planet by Hern\'an-Obispo et al. (2010). The Bayesian analysis supports the hypothesis of a planetary companion. We present a new orbital solution after removing the two main contributions to the stellar jitter, one that varies with the photometric period and another that varies with the synodic period of the star+planet system. We use a new method to determine these jitter components, considering them as a second and third signals in the system. A discussion on possible magnetic star-planet-interaction is included, based on the Bayesian analysis of the activity indices. We propose two possible sources for flare events of this star: one related to the geometry of the system and the relative movement of the star+planet, and a second one purely stochastic source that is related to the evolution of stellar active regions. Also, we observe for the first time the magnetic field of the star, from spectropolarimetric data.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 3rd May 2018, 8:55 pm

And an (extremely convincing) argument against the planetary interpretation.

Multi-band high resolution spectroscopy rules out the hot Jupiter BD+20 1790b - First data from the GIARPS Commissioning
https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.01281

Context. Stellar activity is currently challenging the detection of young planets via the radial velocity (RV) technique. Aims. We attempt to definitively discriminate the nature of the RV variations for the young active K5 star BD+20 1790, for which visible (VIS) RV measurements show divergent results on the existence of a substellar companion. Methods. We compare VIS data with high precision RVs in the near infrared (NIR) range by using the GIANO - B and IGRINS spectrographs. In addition, we present for the first time simultaneous VIS-NIR observations obtained with GIARPS (GIANO - B and HARPS - N) at Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG). Orbital RVs are achromatic, so the RV amplitude does not change at different wavelengths, while stellar activity induces wavelength-dependent RV variations, which are significantly reduced in the NIR range with respect to the VIS. Results. The NIR radial velocity measurements from GIANO - B and IGRINS show an average amplitude of about one quarter with respect to previously published VIS data, as expected when the RV jitter is due to stellar activity. Coeval multi-band photometry surprisingly shows larger amplitudes in the NIR range, explainable with a mixture of cool and hot spots in the same active region. Conclusions. In this work, the claimed massive planet around BD+20 1790 is ruled out by our data. We exploited the crucial role of multi- wavelength spectroscopy when observing young active stars: thanks to facilities like GIARPS that provide simultaneous observations, this method can reach its maximum potential.

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Re: Massive planet candidate orbiting the young active K5V star BD+20 1790

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