A Second Planet at HAT-P-11

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A Second Planet at HAT-P-11

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 24th May 2018, 11:10 pm


HAT-P-11: Discovery of a Second Planet and a Clue to Understanding Exoplanet Obliquities
https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.09352

HAT-P-11 is a mid-K dwarf that hosts one of the first Neptune-sized planets found outside the solar system. The orbit of HAT-P-11b is misaligned with the star's spin --- one of the few known cases of a misaligned planet orbiting a star less massive than the Sun. We find an additional planet in the system based on a decade of precision radial velocity (RV) measurements from Keck/HIRES. HAT-P-11c is similar to Jupiter in its mass (MPsini=1.60.1 MJ) and orbital period (P=9.3+1.0−0.5 year), but has a much more eccentric orbit (e=0.600.03). In our joint modeling of RV and stellar activity, we found an activity-induced RV signal of ∼7 m s−1, consistent with other active K dwarfs, but significantly smaller than the 31 m s−1 reflex motion due to HAT-P-11c. We investigated the dynamical coupling between HAT-P-11b and c as a possible explanation for HAT-P-11b's misaligned orbit, finding that planet-planet Kozai interactions cannot tilt planet b's orbit due to general relativistic precession; however, nodal precession operating on million year timescales is a viable mechanism to explain HAT-P-11b's high obliquity. This leaves open the question of why HAT-P-11c may have such a tilted orbit. At a distance of 38 pc, the HAT-P-11 system offers rich opportunities for further exoplanet characterization through astrometry and direct imaging.

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Re: A Second Planet at HAT-P-11

Post by Lazarus on 25th May 2018, 2:39 am

Aha, looks like the one that was described at the Exoplanets and Planet Formation meeting last year.
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