HD 158996 - 14 MJ Super-Jovian or Brown Dwarf at 2.1 AU

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HD 158996 - 14 MJ Super-Jovian or Brown Dwarf at 2.1 AU

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 20th March 2018, 8:42 pm

Search for exoplanets around northern circumpolar stars III. long-period radial velocity variations in hd 18438 and hd 158996
https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.07213

Detecting exoplanets around giant stars sheds light on the later-stage evolution of planetary systems. We observed the M giant HD 18438 and the K giant HD 158996 as part of a Search for Exoplanets around Northern circumpolar Stars (SENS) and obtained 38 and 24 spectra from 2010 to 2017 using the high-resolution Bohyunsan Observatory Echelle Spectrograph (BOES) at the 1.8m telescope of Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory in Korea. We obtained precise RV measurements from the spectra and found long-period radial velocity (RV) variations with period 719.0 days for HD 18438 and 820.2 days for HD 158996. We checked the chromospheric activities using Ca ii H and H_alpha lines, HIPPARCOS photometry and line bisectors to identify the origin of the observed RV variations. In the case of HD 18438, we conclude that the observed RV variations with period 719.0 days are likely to be caused by the pulsations because the periods of HIPPARCOS photometric and H alpha EW variations for HD 18438 are similar to that of RV variations in Lomb-Scargle periodogram, and there are no correlations between bisectors and RV measurements. In the case of HD 158996, on the other hand, we did not find any similarity in the respective periodograms nor any correlation between RV variations and line bisector variations. In addition, the probability that the real rotational period can be as longer than the RV period for HD 158996 is only about 4.3%. Thus we conclude that observed RV variations with a period of 820.2 days of HD 158996 are caused by a planetary companion, which has the minimum mass of 14.0 MJup, the semi-major axis of 2.1 AU, and eccentricity of 0.13 assuming the stellar mass of 1.8 M_sun. HD 158996 is so far one of the brightest and largest stars to harbor an exoplanet candidate.

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Re: HD 158996 - 14 MJ Super-Jovian or Brown Dwarf at 2.1 AU

Post by Lazarus on 21st March 2018, 4:57 pm

Or a star in a face-on orbit, perhaps... Smile
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