Brown Dwarf Detected by Two Space Telescopes

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Brown Dwarf Detected by Two Space Telescopes

Post by Stalker on 23rd June 2016, 12:09 pm

Simultaneous observations of microlensing events from multiple locations allow for the breaking of degeneracies between the physical properties of the lensing system, specifically by exploring different regions of the lens plane and by directly measuring the "microlens parallax". We report the discovery of a 30-55MJ brown dwarf orbiting a K dwarf in microlensing event OGLE-2015-BLG-1319. The system is located at a distance of ∼5 kpc toward the Galactic bulge. The event was observed by several ground-based groups as well as by Spitzer and Swift, allowing the measurement of the physical properties. However, the event is still subject to an 8-fold degeneracy, in particular the well-known close-wide degeneracy, and thus the projected separation between the two lens components is either ∼0.25 AU or ∼45 AU. This is the first microlensing event observed by Swift, with the UVOT camera. We study the region of microlensing parameter space to which Swift is sensitive, finding that while for this event Swift could not measure the microlens parallax with respect to ground-based observations, it can be important for other events. Specifically, for detecting nearby brown dwarfs and free-floating planets in high magnification events.

https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.02292

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Re: Brown Dwarf Detected by Two Space Telescopes

Post by Led_Zep on 10th November 2016, 7:53 pm

Press release (NASA) :

http://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasa-space-telescopes-pinpoint-elusive-brown-dwarf
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