CI Tau - Massive short-period super-Jovian around classical T Tau star?

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CI Tau - Massive short-period super-Jovian around classical T Tau star?

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 25th May 2016, 9:07 pm

A Candidate Young Massive Planet in Orbit around the Classical T Tauri Star CI Tau
http://arxiv.org/abs/1605.07917

The ~2 Myr old classical T Tauri star CI Tau shows periodic variability in its radial velocity (RV) variations measured at infrared (IR) and optical wavelengths. We find that these observations are consistent with a massive planet in a ~9-day period orbit. These results are based on 71 IR RV measurements of this system obtained over 5 years, and on 26 optical RV measurements obtained over 9 years. CI Tau was also observed photometrically in the optical on 34 nights over ~one month in 2012. The optical RV data alone are inadequate to identify an orbital period, likely the result of star spot and activity induced noise for this relatively small dataset. The infrared RV measurements reveal significant periodicity at ~9 days. In addition, the full set of optical and IR RV measurements taken together phase coherently and with equal amplitudes to the ~9 day period. Periodic radial velocity signals can in principle be produced by cool spots, hot spots, and reflection of the stellar spectrum off the inner disk, in addition to resulting from a planetary companion. We have considered each of these and find the planet hypothesis most consistent with the data. The radial velocity amplitude yields an Msin(i) of ~8.1 M_Jup; in conjunction with a 1.3 mm continuum emission measurement of the circumstellar disk inclination from the literature, we find a planet mass of ~11.3 M_Jup, assuming alignment of the planetary orbit with the disk.

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Re: CI Tau - Massive short-period super-Jovian around classical T Tau star?

Post by Led_Zep on 26th May 2016, 9:19 pm

http://news.rice.edu/2016/05/26/astronomers-find-giant-planet-around-very-young-star/

Press release :

Astronomers find giant planet around very young star
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Re: CI Tau - Massive short-period super-Jovian around classical T Tau star?

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 12th September 2016, 8:34 pm

The origin of the eccentricity of the hot Jupiter in CI Tau
http://arxiv.org/abs/1609.02917

Following the recent discovery of the first radial velocity planet in a star still possessing a protoplanetary disc (CI Tau), we examine the origin of the planet's eccentricity (e ∼0.3). We show through long timescale (105 orbits) simulations that the planetary eccentricity can be pumped by the disc, even when its local surface density is well below the threshold previously derived from short timescale integrations. We show that the disc may be able to excite the planet's orbital eccentricity in < a Myr for the system parameters of CI Tau. We also perform two planet scattering experiments and show that alternatively the observed planet may plausibly have acquired its eccentricity through dynamical scattering of a migrating lower mass planet, which has either been ejected from the system or swallowed by the central star. In the latter case the present location and eccentricity of the observed planet can be recovered if it was previously stalled within the disc's magnetospheric cavity.

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Re: CI Tau - Massive short-period super-Jovian around classical T Tau star?

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