HD 285507 - Eccentric hot Jupiter in the Hyades

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HD 285507 - Eccentric hot Jupiter in the Hyades

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 28th October 2013, 8:28 pm

HD 285507b: An Eccentric Hot Jupiter in the Hyades Open Cluster
http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.7328

We report the discovery of the first hot Jupiter in the Hyades open cluster. HD 285507b orbits a V=10.47 K4.5V dwarf (M∗=0.734M⊙; R∗=0.656R⊙) in a slightly eccentric (e=0.086+0.018−0.019) orbit with a period of 6.0881+0.0019−0.0018 days. The induced stellar radial velocity corresponds to a minimum companion mass of Mpsini=0.9170.033MJup. Line bisector spans and stellar activity measures show no correlation with orbital phase, and the radial velocity amplitude is independent of wavelength, supporting the conclusion that the variations are caused by a planetary companion. Follow-up photometry indicates with high confidence that the planet does not transit. HD 285507b joins a small but growing list of planets in open clusters, and its existence lends support to a planet formation scenario in which a high stellar space density does not inhibit giant planet formation and migration. We calculate the circularization timescale for HD 285507b to be larger than the age of the Hyades, which may indicate that this planet's non-zero eccentricity is the result of migration via planet-planet scattering. We also demonstrate a significant difference between the eccentricity distributions of hot Jupiters that have had time to tidally circularize and those that have not, which we interpret as evidence against Type II migration in the final stages of hot Jupiter formation. Finally, the dependence of the circularization timescale on the planetary tidal quality factor, Qp, allows us to constrain the average value for hot Jupiters to be 7.8105<Qp<3.5106.

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Re: HD 285507 - Eccentric hot Jupiter in the Hyades

Post by Lazarus on 29th October 2013, 5:15 pm

I always find the cluster planets interesting, at least because they offer the possibility of worlds with truly amazing night skies.

Also quite interesting that several studies seem to be suggesting that planet frequencies in open clusters are not all that different to those around field stars, despite the more crowded environment. I wonder how well that holds up for the older clusters.
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