Planetary System Evolution in the AGB Phase

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Planetary System Evolution in the AGB Phase

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 1st October 2012, 9:33 pm

Foretellings of Ragnarök: World-engulfing Asymptotic Giants and the Inheritance of White Dwarfs
http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.0328

The search for planets around White Dwarf stars, and evidence for dynamical instability around them in the form of atmospheric pollution and circumstellar discs, raises questions about the nature of planetary systems that can survive the vicissitudes of the Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB). We study the competing effects, on planets at several AU from the star, of strong tidal forces arising from the star's large convective envelope, and of the planets' orbital expansion due to stellar mass-loss. We, for the first time, study the evolution of planets while following each thermal pulse on the AGB. For Jovian planets, tidal forces are strong, and can pull into the envelope planets initially at ~3 AU for a 1M_Sol star and ~5 AU for a 5M_Sol star. Lower-mass planets feel weaker tidal forces, and Terrestrial planets initially within 1.5-3 AU enter the stellar envelope. Thus, low-mass planets that begin inside the maximum stellar radius can survive, as their orbits expand due to mass-loss. The inclusion of a moderate planetary eccentricity slightly strengthens the tidal forces experienced by Jovian planets. Eccentric Terrestrial planets are more at risk, since their eccentricity does not decay and their small pericentre takes them inside the stellar envelope. We also find the closest radii at which planets will be found around White Dwarfs, assuming that any planet entering the stellar envelope is destroyed. Planets are in that case unlikely to be found inside ~1.5 AU of a White Dwarf with a 1M_Sol progenitor and ~10 AU of a White Dwarf with a 5M_Sol progenitor.

A very interesting paper. Well worth the read.

_________________
Caps Lock: Cruise control for 'Cool'!
avatar
Sirius_Alpha
Admin
Admin

Number of posts : 3402
Location : Earth
Registration date : 2008-04-06

View user profile http://solar-flux.forumandco.com/

Back to top Go down

Re: Planetary System Evolution in the AGB Phase

Post by Sirius_Alpha on 2nd October 2012, 8:25 pm

On the survival of brown dwarfs and planets engulfed by their giant host star
http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.0879

The recent discovery of two Earth-mass planets in close orbits around an evolved star has raised questions as to whether substellar companions can survive encounters with their host stars. We consider whether these companions could have been stripped of significant amounts of mass during the phase when they orbited through the dense inner envelopes of the giant. We apply the criterion derived by Murray et al. for disruption of gravitationally bound objects by ram pressure, to determine whether mass loss may have played a role in the histories of these and other recently discovered low-mass companions to evolved stars. We find that the brown dwarf and Jovian mass objects circling WD 0137-349, SDSS J08205+0008, and HIP 13044 are most unlikely to have lost significant mass during the common envelope phase. However, the Earth-mass planets found around KIC 05807616 could well be the remnant of one or two Jovian mass planets that lost extensive mass during the common envelope phase.

_________________
Caps Lock: Cruise control for 'Cool'!
avatar
Sirius_Alpha
Admin
Admin

Number of posts : 3402
Location : Earth
Registration date : 2008-04-06

View user profile http://solar-flux.forumandco.com/

Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top


 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum